Which are the top most developed countries in Africa?
Before dealing with the topic, here is the definition of a developed nation.
What is a Developed Nation?
A developed country is an autonomous nation with an improved economy, aided by advancement in technology and decent infrastructural development.
Africa has experienced several declines in development. Most of its nations have not fully recovered from the ruins of gaining Independence.
Africa is the world’s poorest continent but does it mean they are no match to other big names?
The continent is regarded as a developing part of the world. However, North Africa is an exception as they have a well-built infrastructure and advanced technology systems.
This is slightly followed by the South African continent who has the likes of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Angola and so on.
East and West Africa lag in terms of development but most of its nations are springing up and stepping up their game.
Nigeria (Acclaimed giant of Africa), Ghana, Kenya and the ivory coast are the frontiers of development here.
How is development determined?
Development is determined using the Human Development Index, shortly referred to as HDI.
This is the method adopted by the United Nations Development Program to calculate development.
This spans across all states, including both the developed and developing nations.
HDI is calculated by putting these five factors into consideration. They are the healthcare system, mean school year, life expectancy rate, economic growth, and standard of living.
Classifications of HDi
They are four (4) main categories (or rating) of HDI. These are classified with a scale ranging from 0 to 1. They are:
- 0.5 – 0.55 (low human development)
- 0.55 – 0.70 (medium human development)
- 0.70 – 0.80 (high human development)
- 0.8 – 1.0 (very high human development)
HDI is calculated every year. Out of 54 countries in Africa, Seychelles is the only nation that has a very high human development of 0.801.
It is ranked 62 in the world. Eight African counties have acquired a medium human development scale.
They are Mauritius, Algeria, Tunisia, Botswana, Libya, South Africa, Gabon and Egypt. Their respective HDI includes 0.796,
0.759, 0.739, 0.728, 0.708, 0.705, 0.702 and 0.7 respectively.
Top 20 Most developed countries in Africa
Listed below is the current list of the topmost developed countries in Africa 2021:
Seychelles is the most developed country in Africa. This island is also the most toured state in Africa.
It is the 62 most developed nation in the world.
It has an HDI of 0.801, which is considered very high and a population of 98,908 people. The country’s economy mainly earns from agribusiness and tourism.
Mauritius is another country that prides itself on tourism.
It has a life expectancy of 74.9 years as well as 9.3 mean years of schooling.
The country’s HDI is 0.796 and it contains a population of 1,273,433 people.
It is the second most developed country in Africa.
Algeria has an HDI of 0.759 and is a major oil producer in Africa.
The North African country has a population of 44,616,624 people.
Tunisia is among the “top four” most developed country in Africa and 91st in the world.
It has an HDI importance of 0.739 and a life expectancy of 75.9 years.
The North African nation’s economy mostly earns from tourism, mining and production industries.
Botswana is the fifth most developed country in Africa.
It has a population of 2,397,241 people and an HDI of 0.728.
The country is also a major tourism centre and is pronounced for owing mines.
Libya has an HDI of 0.708 and a population of 6,958,532 people.
Its life expectancy rate is 72.1 years and oil is the major export product.
A bad climate has hindered Libya’s agricultural productivity.
7. South Africa
South Africa has a life expectancy rate of 63.4 years. Its HDI is 0.705.
The country’s economy is chiefly supported by the mining sector.
Gabon has an HDI of 0.702 and a population of 2,278,825 people.
Its economy is mainly backed by oil.
Egypt is the 9th most developed country. Africa.
Its life expectancy rate is 71.7 years. The country has an HDI of 0.7 and a human population of 104,258,327 people.
Morocco has a life expectancy rate of 76.1 years.
The country has an HDI of 0.676 and a population of 37,344,795.
Its economy is backed up by the engineering and technology sector.
Namibia is the 11th most developed country in Africa.
The nation has an HDI of 0.645. Its economy is greatly backed by agriculture and tourism while the population is 2,587,344 people.
12. Sao Tome And Principe
Sao Tome And Principe have an HDI of 0.609. Its total human population is 223,368 people.
The country’s economy is largely supported by agriculture.
13. Republic Of The Congo
The Republic Of The Congo is the 13th most developed country in Africa.
It has an HDI of 0.608 and a human population of 5,657,01 people.
Ghana has an HDI of 0.596. It has a population of 31,732,129 people.
The country’s economy is greatly backed by agriculture, mining and oil.
Zambia is the 15 most developed country in Africa.
It has an HDI of 0.591 and a human population of 18,920,651 people.
Zambia’s economy is chiefly supported by agriculture.
16. Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea is a country that is located on the Atlantic coast of Central Africa.
.it has an HDI of 0.588, a human population of 1,449,896 people and an economy that is mainly backed by oil.
Kenya has an HDI of 0.579. It has a total human population of 31,732,129.
The country’s economy is supported by agriculture and manufacturing.
Angola is located in the southern part of Africa.
It has an HDI f 0.574 and a population of 33,933,610 people.
The country’s economy is backed by agriculture, mining and manufacturing.
Zimbabwe is the 19th most developed country in Africa.
It has an HDI of 0.563 and a population of 15,092,171 people.
Cameroon is a country that is located in West Africa.
It is the 20th most developed country in Africa.
The country has an HDI of 0.563, a population of 27,224,265 people and is mostly backed by agriculture.
Africa is defying the odds and has stepped up its game.
The development attained in the region is encouraging despite the severe war, corruption and conflicts that affect most of it.
What are your thoughts on the topic?
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